Phishing vs. Pharming: What’s the Difference?

According to Webopedia, phishing is a cybercrime attempt in which an attacker, posing as a trustworthy entity, attempts to trick users into disclosing sensitive information such as usernames, passwords, and credit card details by email or text message.

Meanwhile, pharming refers to an attack in which the attackers redirect legitimate traffic from website A to website B owned by them through DNS poisoning attacks or simply by modifying the records of domain name servers (DNS). So what’s the difference between these two terms?

What is Phishing?

Phishing is a type of online scam where criminals send emails or texts masquerading as a legitimate company to trick people into giving them sensitive information. This can include anything from login credentials to credit card numbers.

One example of phishing is when criminals contact someone with an email that appears to be from their bank and ask for their login credentials, claiming that they need it for an update on their account. The result could be the person getting robbed, identity theft, and more.

Financial Crime

In phishing attacks, cybercriminals typically send emails or texts that appear to be from a legitimate company or person. These messages often include a sense of urgency or threat and may ask you to click on a link or attachment. If you do, you may be taken to a fake website that looks real but is designed to steal your personal information. This can include login credentials, financial information, and more.

What is Pharming?

Pharming is a type of cyberattack that involves redirecting users from a legitimate website to a fake one. The goal is to steal sensitive information like login credentials or financial information. Phishing, on the other hand, is a type of social engineering attack that uses email or text messages to trick victims into clicking on malicious links or attachments. Both types of attacks can be devastating, but some key differences exist.

IT security attack

Cybercriminals use malicious code to redirect traffic from a legitimate website to a fake one. They do this by infecting a DNS server or modifying the host file on a user’s computer. The fake website looks identical to the real one but is used to steal personal information like login credentials and credit card numbers.

Pharming can be challenging to detect, but there are some signs to look for, like unexpected pop-ups or requests for personal information.

Difference between Phishing and Pharming?

When it comes to phishing and pharming, there is a big difference. Phishing is a type of online fraud that uses email to try and trick you into giving away personal information or clicking on a malicious link.

Pharming, on the other hand, is a type of cyber attack that redirects you to a fake website without you even realizing it. It can happen using an Internet connection like Wi-Fi at an airport, hotel, or coffee shop. Once redirected to this fake site, your sensitive data can be stolen from you before you know what happened.

Consequences: Phishing vs. Pharming

Identity theft, loss of money, and damaged reputations are just a few consequences of falling for a phishing or pharming scam. To protect yourself, it’s essential to understand the difference between these two types of scams. First, phishing is an attack where someone tries to trick you into providing sensitive information by impersonating a trusted entity such as your bank or email provider.

For example, you may receive an email from your bank asking you to provide account details or login again with your username and password to confirm your personal information. If you give this sensitive information through this fake website, then all your private data will be at risk for malicious use.

How to Avoid Them: Phishing vs. Pharming

When you’re online, you must be aware of how cybercriminals can try to steal your personal information. Two of the most common methods are phishing and pharming. Here’s what you need to know about each and how to avoid them.

A phishing attack is when someone sends an email or text message with a link that appears to come from a legitimate company. Clicking on this link will take you to a fake website where they then try to get your login credentials and financial information.

Commonly Used Methods: Phishing vs. Pharming

Cybercriminals commonly use two methods to obtain your personal information: phishing and pharming. Although these terms are often used interchangeably, there is a critical difference between the two.

Phishing is a type of social engineering that uses email or text messages to trick you into clicking on a malicious link or attachment. This link then takes you to a fraudulent website that looks legitimate to steal your login credentials or other sensitive information.

Common Targets: Phishing vs. Pharming

In general, phishing attacks target large groups of people to scam them out of personal information or money. The most common targets are businesses, organizations, and individuals with a lot of online presence. While phishing can happen to anyone, some groups, like small businesses and non-profit organizations, are more susceptible to attack. These companies typically don’t have as much security as larger ones, so they’re easier to access and potentially steal from.

A pharming attack is when a website impersonates another site, usually for malicious purposes. An example would be when someone hijacks the domain name system (DNS) by changing it, so you visit their fake website instead of your intended destination.

Prevention Tips and Considerations

Regarding online security, phishing and pharming are two of the most common threats. This blog post will explore how they’re different and why you should be more concerned about one than the other. The first thing you need to know is that there is a slight difference between the two terms, which is often confusing for people who don’t know much about cybersecurity.


Regarding phishing and pharming, it’s essential to know the difference. Phishing is a type of online fraud that involves attempting to acquire sensitive information such as passwords or credit card details by masquerading as a trustworthy entity in an electronic communication. Pharming, on the other hand, is a type of cyberattack that redirects users from a legitimate website to a fake one without their knowledge.