The significant difference between yeast and mold is that mold is a multicellular organism while yeast is a unicellular organism. Both are heterotrophic but have different means of preparing food. Another significant difference between yeast and mold is that mold consists of a fragment-like structure called hyphae, while bacteria are oval-shaped single-cell organisms. Yeast may appear in the form of colonies produced by budding. Although yeast and mold both require a damp environment for growth, the temperature tolerance of mold is much higher than yeast. Here’s the in-depth information about Mold vs. Yeast.
What is Mold?
Mold is defined as a type of fungi that grows in filaments called hyphae. Mold usually grows in moist and damp places. It can be indoor or outdoor and can be found easily. Molds are present in the places like refrigerators, showers, pipelines, and the areas where moisture is present. Many species of mold exist on earth. Some species are valuable and famous in the food and medicine industry. But most species cause severe damage to humans’ health, home, and business.
Types of Mold
More than 1000 species of mold exist on earth, but one of the types is Rhizopus stolonifer. It is also called black bread mold. It attacks fruits, vegetables, and bread.
Another more common type is Penicillium. It is very famous due to the antibiotic Pencilin from it. It exists in different places such as damp places and food.
Aspergillus is famous due to its various carcinogenic varieties. It can also cause respiratory problems if they exist indoor.
Advantages of Mold
- The main benefit of mold is the breakdown of dead bodies of plants and animals and changing it into a simple substance. In other words, molds play an essential role in decomposing matters.
- The first antibiotic i.e., penicillin, was derived from the mold. I brought a dramatic change in the world of medical treatment.
- Some species of mold are also used in the production of food, medicine, beverages, and other substances.
- Mold also acts as a biological indicator. Some specific species of mold can serve as a natural indicator for detecting air pollution.
- The natural growth rate of mold is very high, and it makes it easier to carry research and experiment on it.
Disadvantages of Mold
- Although mold helps in the degradation of the dead matter but also causes the degradation of the valuable material and can reduce the lifespan and quality of the matter.
- A huge quantity of food gets wasted due to the mold as it can very easily and quickly grow in fruits and vegetables.
- Some species of mold are hazardous for health. It can cause certain lung infections and other diseases.
- The mold reproduces through spores produced by both sexual and asexual means. These spores can cause respiratory problems, eye infections, sinus congestion, and other health problems.
What is Yeast?
Yeast is a single-cell living organism. The scientific name of yeast is Saccharomyces Cerevisiae. Yeast lacks hyphae and is sensitive to temperature and other conditions. It is responsible for converting sugar and starch into carbon dioxide and alcohol. Yeast reproduces by asexual means such as budding. The growth rate of yeast is very fast compared to other living organisms. There are many species of yeast present on earth.
Advantages of Yeast
- Yeast plays a significant role in the baking industry as it is a vital ingredient for rising bread and other baking material.
- Some species of yeast are also used in making alcohol. Yeast causes the degradation of food and is significant in making alcohol.
- Due to the fast growth rate, it is convenient to use in laboratories for experiment purposes. It is mainly used to study the replication and recombination of DNA in the cell.
- Instant yeast is also available in the market to use in the cooking process.
Disadvantages of Yeast
- Yeast can cause some severe diseases in humans. It can also be fatal
- The temperature and moisture sensitivity make it challenging to handle while using it in a different process.
- The cooking process using yeast is usually time-taking as it requires hours for the dough to rise before use.
Comparison Chart between Mold and Yeast
|Basis for comparison||Mold||Yeast|
|Definition||Mold is the type of fungi consisting of one or nuclei and grows as the hyphae of the filament.||It is also a type of fungi that consists of only one cell.|
|Appearance||Mold has a velvety appearance and exists in different colors such as orange, green, black, brown, pink, or purple. It also existed in different shapes.||Yeast mainly exists in white color and is thready in appearance, and it is oval.|
|Habitat||Mold usually grows in damp, moist, dark areas.||Yeast is ubiquitous and can be found in the fruits, vegetables, bellies of mammals, and skin.|
|Some types of molds can be used to produce food and medicine.
Cheese prepares by using penicillin.
|Yeast is beneficial for the bakery, medicine, and beverage industries.|
|Reproduction||Reproduce either by sexual or asexual reproduction. It can also reproduce by spore formation.||It is mainly reproduced by asexual means, including fragmentation, budding, etc.|
|Energy production||It obtains energy by degrading the biopolymer molecules such as lignin, starch, cellulose with the help of a hydrolytic enzyme. This simpler substance can be absorbed by the molds easily.||Yeast obtains energy through anaerobic respiration, converting carbohydrates into alcohol through fermentation.|
|Health hazards||Some respiratory problems and allergies can occur due to molds.||It can affect the immune system of the individual by causing infection.|
|Species||More than 1000 species of mold exist on earth, including penicillin.||It is considered 1% of fungi, and almost 1500 species are known on earth.|
Despite certain disadvantages of mold and yeast, both are important for the environment. Moreover, they are being used in the food and medicine industry, and many experiments are being performed on them to produce more products. Both of them are types of fungi and have different characteristics and uses. To read the difference between Fruits and Vegetables, click on the given link.